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Human being came into existence not only by birth but also by recording the vital events of his life. Recording and registration of birth is a basic act, compulsory, continuing and establishes identity. Giving everyone their first right: A NAME AND NATIONALITY that is a fundamental link to all other rights of a person.

These vital events such as births, deaths, marriages and foundling when registered became a public documents, the Certificate of Live Birth, Certificate of Marriage in the case of a married couple, Certificate of Death of our beloved relatives and friends, and the Certificate of Foundling serve as a proof of one’s identity, status, and a tool to individual development. It also generates data and statistics useful for planners and aid for legislation.

Around the world, 41% or about 50 million births in the year 2000 were not registered, of which 22% or 7 million coming from the East Asia and Pacific. In the Philippines, based on the Census 2000 of the National Statistics Office(NSO) population mounted to Seventy Six Million Three Hundred Thirteen Thousand and Four Hundred Eighty (76,313,480) Filipinos, Five Million Three Hundred Fifty Nine Thousand and Six Hundred Twenty Five (5,359,625) of which were unregistered.

It is very unfortunate to a person struggling for a living and looking for a greener pasture without a Certificate of Live Birth, without a proper birth registration, a child or a person does not officially exist and is technically a non-living person. It can create doubts or suspicion, may hinder or delayed opportunities and sometimes misses luck and chances. Remarkably, most coming from the poorest, and were not employed.

Today, many Filipinos were denied their right such as: to go to school, receive health care, receive special protection as a minor, be adopted, obtain passport, prove their nationality, take examinations, to hold drivers license, inherit property and money, own a house or land, open a bank account, vote or stand for elected office, to marry and even to a just labor and employment.

A global and national concern of unregistered vital events is at stake. And whose fault it might be? In our country, Act 3753 provides the establishment of Civil Registration system in the Philippines since February 27, 1931 and the implementing agency. It was strengthened by the Local Government Code of 1991 last February 8, 1988 mandating the Local Government Units to create the Office of the Local Civil Registrar and enforce Civil Registry Laws in their area of jurisdiction.

Seventeen years ago after the creation of the Office of the Local Civil Registrar in the Cities/Municipalities but the same problems have been experienced by many people. Never we heard one locality that all their constituents were registered or have attained 100% civil registration in the city.

As long as we live without proof of existence, basic problem continues to exist and sometimes create disparity among others.

Civil Registry Documents

  • Certificate of Live Birth
  • Certificate of Death
  • Certificate of Marriage
  • Certificate of Foundling
  • Certificate of Conversion to Islam
  • Approved Application for Marriage License

Court Orders

  • Adoption/ Recission of Adoption
  • Annulment of Marriage/ Declaration of absolute nullity of marriage/ legal separation/ court order setting aside the decree of legal separation
  • Change of Name or correction of entry
  • Civil Interdiction
  • Declaration of presumptive death of the absent of spouse.judicial declaration of absence
  • Compulsory recognition of illegitimate child.voluntary recognition of minor illegitimate child
  • Appointment of guardian/termination of guardianship
  • Judicial determination of affiliation
  • Judicial determination of the fact of reappearance of an absence spouse, if disputed
  • Naturalization Certificate/Cancellation of Naturalization Certificate
  • Separation of property/Revival of former property regime
  • Emancipation of orphaned minor

Legal Instruments

  • Affidavit of reappearance
  • Acknowledgments
  • Acquisition of Philippine Citizenship
  • Authorization and ratification of artificial insemination
  • Certificate of legal capacity to contract marriage
  • Affidavit of Legitimation by subsequent marriage of parents
  • Option to elect Philippine Citizenship
  • Partition and distributiion of properties of spouses and delivery of the chilren’s presumptive legitimacy
  • Marriage settlements and any modification thereof
  • Repatriation document with oath of allegiance
  • Voluntary emancipation of minor
  • Waiver of rights/interest of absolute community of property

Petitions Under the Provision of R.A. 9048

  • Affirmed petition for Change of First Name
  • Affirmed petition for Correction of Clerical Error/s

Republic Act No. 3753

Another milestone in the history of Civil Registration was the enactment of Act No. 3753 or the Civil Registry Law where the Civil Registration was made compulsory. Civil Registration was made compulsory with the enactment of the Civil Registry.

This Act No. 3753 was approved on November 26, 1930 and took effect on February 27, 1931. According to this law, the Director of the National Library was the Civil Registrar-General and had the duty to enforce the provision of this act.

Republic Act No. 7160

Otherwise known as the Local Government Code OF 1991, mandating the appointment of permanent Civil Registrars.

Rules and Regulations Governing the Implementation of Republic Act No. 9048/9255

Republic Act 9048

An act authorizing the city or municipal civil registrar or the consul general to correct a clerical or typographical error in an entry and/or change of first name or nickname in the civil register without need of a judicial order, amending for this purpose articles 376 and 412 of the civil code of the Philippines.

Republic Act 9255

An act allowing illegitimate children to use the surname of their father, amending for the purpose article 176 of executive order no. 209, otherwise known as the “Family Code of the Philippines”.

Norah B. Cabugwason
Civil Registry Office
Tel. No.: (064) 229-8645